The Saskatchewan Mental Hospital at Weyburn has played a significant role in the history of psychiatric services, mental health research, and community care in Canada. Its history provides a window to the changing nature of mental health services over the twentieth century. Built in , the Saskatchewan Mental Hospital was billed as the last asylum in North America and the largest facility of its kind in the British Commonwealth.
A decade later, the Canadian Committee for Mental Hygiene cited it as one of the worst institutions in the country, largely due to extreme overcrowding. In the s, the Saskatchewan Mental Hospital again attracted international attention for engaging in controversial therapeutic interventions, including treatments using LSD.
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Managing Madness examines the Weyburn mental hospital, the people it housed, struggled to understand, help, or even tried to change, and the ever-shifting understanding of mental health. University of Toronto Press, Prairie Fairies draws upon a wealth of oral, archival and cultural histories to recover the experiences of queer urban and rural people in the prairies.
Focusing on the five major urban centres: Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Regina, Edmonton, and Calgary, Prairie Fairies explores the regional experiences of queer men and women from Challenging the preconceived narratives of queer history, Valerie J. Korinek argues that queer people have a long history in the prairie west, and that their histories, previously marginalized or omitted, deserve attention. Korinek pays tribute to the prairie activists and actors who were responsible for creating spaces for socializing, politicizing and organizing other queer people, both in the cities and rural areas.
Far from the stereotype of the isolated, insular Canadian prairies of small towns and farming communities populated by faithful farm families, Prairie Fairies historicizes the transformation of prairie cities, and ultimately the region itself, into a predominantly urban and diverse place. Enthusiastically participating in the heady atmosphere of Enlightenment debate, Beddoes' career suffered from his radical views on politics and science.
Denied a professorship at Oxford, he set up a medical practice in Bristol in The Romance of Science pays tribute to the wide-ranging and highly influential work of Trevor Levere, historian of science and author of Poetry Realised in Nature, Transforming Matter, Science and the Canadian Arctic, Affinity and Matter and other significant inquiries in the history of modern science.
The Romance of Science explores the interactions between science's romantic, material, institutional and economic engagements with Nature. Fannie Kahan author with Erika Dyck , eds. Inspired by their experience, they wrote a series of essays explaining and defending the consumption of peyote and the practice of peyotism. Although the text shows its mid-century origins, with dated language and at times uncritical analysis, it advocates for Indigenous legal, political and religious rights and offers important insights into how psychedelic researchers, who were themselves embattled in debates over the value of spirituality in medicine, interpreted the peyote ceremony.
Ultimately, they championed peyotism as a spiritual practice that they believed held distinct cultural benefits.
Beyond the Frontier : Explorations in Ethnohistory
Brill, Scientific experimentation with humans has a long history. The modern incarnation of ethics has often been considered a product of the second half of the twentieth century, as enshrined in international laws and codes, but these authors remind us that this territory has long been debated, considered, and revisited as a fundamental part of the scientific enterprise that privileges humans as ideal subjects for advancing research. The near disappearance of the American bison in the nineteenth century is commonly understood to be the result of over-hunting, capitalist greed, and all but genocidal military policy.
This interpretation remains seductive because of its simplicity; there are villains and victims in this familiar cautionary tale of the American frontier. The essays here transcend the border between the United States and Canada to provide a continental context. Contributors include historians, archaeologists, anthropologists, paleontologists, and Native American perspective.
Indian and mixed-descent peoples played leading roles in the story, as did the land and climate. Despite the growing British and Canadian presence, the Saskatchewan country remained Aboriginal territory. The region's peoples had their own interests and needs and the fur trade was often peripheral to their lives.
Native-newcomer interactions were consequently fraught with misunderstandings, sometimes painful difficulties, if not outright disputes. By the early nineteenth century, a distinctive western society had emerged in the North-West, one that was challenged and undermined by the takeover of the region by young dominion of Canada.
Settlement and development was to be rooted in the best features of Anglo-Canadian civilization, including the white race. By the time Saskatchewan entered confederation as a province in , the world that Kelsey had encountered during his historic walk on the northern prairies had become a world we have lost. It simultaneously worked to provide individual brethren with philosophical tools and inspiration for self-improvement, while also being committed to providing relief for brethren who had fallen on hard times and to supporting local public charities. This book is a model of collaborative community-engaged scholarship CES.
University of Hawaii Press, The United States also used the opportunity to test a vast array of powerful nuclear bombs and missiles in the Marshalls, even as it conducted research on the effects of human exposure to radioactive fallout. Although these military tests and human experiments reinforced the US strategy of deterrence, they also led to the displacement of several atoll communities, serious health implications for the Marshallese, and widespread ecological degradation.
Confronted with these troubling conditions, the Marshall Islanders utilized a variety of political and legal tactics—petitions, lawsuits, demonstrations, and negotiations—to draw American and global attention to their plight. In response to these indigenous acts of resistance, the United States strengthened its strategic interests in the Marshalls but made some concessions to the islanders.
Under the Compact of Free Association COFA and related agreements, the Americans tightened control over the Kwajalein Missile Range while granting the Marshallese greater political autonomy, additional financial assistance, and a mechanism to settle nuclear claims. Martha Smith-Norris argues that despite COFA's implementation in and Washington's pivot toward the Asia-Pacific region in the post—Cold War era, the United States has yet to provide adequate compensation to the Republic of the Marshall Islands for the extensive health and environmental damages caused by the US testing programs.
Facing Eugenics is a social history of sexual sterilization operations in twentieth-century Canada. Looking at real-life experiences of men and women who, either coercively or voluntarily, participated in the largest legal eugenics program in Canada, it considers the impact of successive legal policies and medical practices on shaping our understanding of contemporary reproductive rights. The book also provides deep insights into the broader implications of medical experimentation, institutionalization, and health care in North America.
Erika Dyck uses a range of historical evidence, including medical files, court testimony, and personal records to place mental health and intelligence at the centre of discussions regarding reproductive fitness. Vancouver: UBC Press, French Translation. Situated within the area stretching from Georgian Bay in the north to Lake Simcoe in the east also known as Wendake , the Wendat Confederacy flourished for two hundred years. By the mid-seventeenth century, however, Wendat society was under attack. Disease and warfare plagued the community, culminating in a series of Iroquois assaults that led to the dispersal of the Wendat people in Yet the Wendat did not disappear, as many historians have maintained.
By focusing the historical lens on the dispersal and its aftermath, she extends the seventeenth-century Wendat narrative. In the latter half of the century, Wendat leaders continued to appear at councils, trade negotiations, and diplomatic ventures -- including the Great Peace of Montreal in -- relying on established customs of accountability and consensus. Women also continued to assert their authority during this time, guiding their communities toward paths of cultural continuity and accommodation.
Through tactics such as this, the power of the Wendat Confederacy and their unique identity was maintained. Turning the story of Wendat conquest on its head, this book demonstrates the resiliency of the Wendat people and writes a new chapter in North American history. Awarded: John C. Ewers Award, Western History Association, Nominated: John A.
Penn State University Press, In this original, provocative, well-reasoned, and thoroughly documented book, Frank Klaassen proposes that two principal genres of illicit learned magic occur in late medieval manuscripts: image magic, which could be interpreted and justified in scholastic terms, and ritual magic in its extreme form, overt necromancy , which could not.
Image magic tended to be recopied faithfully; ritual magic tended to be adapted and reworked. These two forms of magic did not usually become intermingled in the manuscripts, but were presented separately. Instead, what persisted was the other, more problematic form of magic: ritual magic. In recent years, ethnohistory has tried to change its image.
To achieve this goal, the journal has distanced itself from Native American history and attempted to embrace a global perspective through the articles it publishes. These works have become more theoretical with each passing year and less reliant on historical narrative. Historians have called for a new journal and a new national organization to be formed to take the place of Ethnohistory and the ASE.
Ethnohistory revolutionized Ameri- can Indian history. Writers of this new genre discarded the racist, moralistic judgments that had plagued indigenous—white histories from the nineteenth to the early twentieth century. Before the influence of the Annales School in the United States in the mids, ethnohistory encouraged interdisciplinary cooperation in the fields of history and anthropology, increasing the evidentiary base; this increase resulted in innovative studies on indigenous peoples.
Donald L. Annalists, as they later came to be known, advocated close cooperation with geography, psychology, anthropology, economics, and sociology to create a truly interdisciplinary history that would take all human experience as its concern. Though founded in , Annalist thought and practice did not reach and influence US historians until the mids. Racial determinism could not sell in the twenty-first century. Indeed, now more than ever, the society should practice extreme vigilance. Because ethnohistory is by no means perfect, it should continually redefine itself—or, rather, should be redefined by others—by expanding its range of study, as it did from — Possibly, studies on comparative colonial topics should occur, highlighting differing treatment of indigenous peoples within all colonial empires.
This type of trans-imperial study could lead to an understanding of the global past and lead to indigenous reconciliation for the future. Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. Amborn published a major theoretical work dealing with the question or societal differentiation and craftsmanship, based on Burji and Konso data. Later articles by Fukui and Turton , also address socio-ecological issues. Almagor on the Dassanetch , I. Strecker and J. Lydall on the Hamar , , , and S. Tornay on the Nyangatom , Almagor , has put forward original insights on the basis of Dassanetch data moiety system, age organization , while Tornay offered a major contribution with his study of the Nyangatom a.
One might also note Hallpike on the notion of reciprocity This work lends itself for comparative study, also with Wolayta data. Todd has written on the Dime , Tornay on the Nyangatom a.
e-book Beyond the Frontier: Explorations in Ethnohistory
Strecker has recently offered an interpretation of Hamar political discourse which has the potential for comparative use This was later elaborated in his ambitious theoretical monograph of It is here that the practical relevance of the discipline stands out most clearly. In this respect, anthropology will become increasingly important in the field of Ethiopian studies.
However, this is not to say that its theoretical role and potential is unimportant. Borgerhof Mulder 11 , L.
Betzig, N. Yanagisako, M.
Strather, F. Gewertz, M. Tyler, G. Marcus, J.
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Clifford, R. Rosaldo, S. Feld, many others. All this has produced a vast array of rather specialized, often confusing, but also exciting work. Alongside this, the more traditional paradigms like the interpretive approach Geertz , cultural materialism Harris and symbolic anthropology have maintained their core of practitioners. Neo-marxist anthropology, however, seems to be on the wane. Except when problems of war, famine, environmental problems etc. The most interesting contributions here are those which take a more long-term view of developments: e.
There are of course institutional and time limitations on the researchers and students, especially in Ethiopia.
enter site My point is therefore a general one, a kind of ideal which, in certain cases, might be strived for. But I may perhaps briefly indicate along which lines this might be done. I have not yet done this, although a first attempt at theoretical interpretation was made.
These alterations come as a result of differences in ecological and social organization not to be explicated here, but which are in some measure predictable from these changed circumstances. In social anthropology there are several related examples of such a more theoretically informed approach, e. This subject has acquired an urgency today because of the serious deterioration of relations and increased demographic-environmental vulnerability of the area as a whole. Not enough is known on traditional dispute settlement mechanisms which existed, and on which they were dependent. Neither known is the precise how-and-why of breakdown in the ethno-system, apart from the disturbed arms balance and increased resource competitions.
An American research project in progress is going to address this question. Also, technology could be a focus: what are the forms and varieties of use of tools, and how does their differential use affect economic productivity, social organization or culture? Types of modes of subsistence, e. Material culture in general has been strangely neglected in recent decades: the lead provided by the Frobenius Institute researchers of the s has not been followed up.
In the North Omo Region, an issue of long-standing attention has been that of political traditions of royalty and leadership in the Omotic-speaking realm. Such work of comparison could be extended to other topic, ritual complexes and oral traditions. What seems clear after two decades of social and historical research on the South-West is that future work will, in more theoretically sophisticated ways, investigate the lines of interdependence and cultural contacts which have made the various groups into what they are.
Abbink, J. Pankhurst et al. Collard , eds. Almagor , U. Almagor , eds. Amborn, H. Asmarom Legesse , , Cosmologies in the Making , Cambridge, etc. Bernardi , B.